Is it possible to select sql server data using column ordinal position
Is it possible to select column data using the ordinal_position for a table column? I know using ordinal positions is a bad practice but for a one-off data import process I need to be able to use the ordinal position to get the column data.
So for example
create table Test( Col1 int, Col2 nvarchar(10) )
instead of using
select Col2 from Test
can I write
select "2" from Test -- for illustration purposes only
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You’d have to do something like
declare @col1 as varchar(128) declare @col2 as varchar(128) declare @sq1 as varchar(8000) select @col1 = column_name from information_schema.columns where table_name = 'tablename' and ordinal_position = @position select @col2 = column_name from information_schema.columns where table_name = 'tablename' and ordinal_position = @position2 set @sql = 'select ' + col1 ',' + col2 'from tablename' exec(@sql)
If you know quantity of columns, but don’t know its names and types, you can use following trick:
select NULL as C1, NULL as C2 where 1 = 0 -- Returns empty table with predefined column names union all select * from Test -- There should be exactly 2 columns, but names and data type doesn't matter
As a result, you will have a table with 2 columns [C1] and [C2].
This method is not very usefull if you have 100 columns in your table, but it works well for tables with small predefined number of columns.
You can use this query
select * from information_schema.columns
to get the ordinal positions of the columns. Like Michael Haren wrote, you’ll have to build a dynamic query using this, either in code or in a sproc that you pass the column positions to.
FWIW, this is pure evil.
Also, deathofrats is right, you can’t really do this, since you’ll be building a regular query w/ column names based on position.
Yes, you could do this with some really ugly hits into the system tables. You’d probably need to fall into the world of dynamic sql.
I really, really do not recommend this approach.
If that didn’t deter you, then this might get you started (ref):
select table_name, column_name, ordinal_position, data_type from information_schema.columns order by 1,3
No, you can’t select columns based on their ordinal position, as far as I know.
When looking at the transact SQL reference, there is nothing to suggest you can
If you know the number of columns, one way might be to transfer the data into a tmp table with that number of columns and select from the temp table…
declare @tmp table(field1 sql_variant, field2 int, field3 sql_variant) insert into @tmp select * from Test select field2 from @tmp
I don’t think you can. As @Michael Haren showed, you can use ordinal positions in ORDER BY clauses but I’ve never seen them used elsewhere in SQL Server.
I’m not sure what problem you are havng with your one-off data import that this would help with – presumably some unfortunate column name? Can you explain a little more?
I don’t know of any way to do this short of using dynamic SQL. Maybe if you include a bit more information about why you feel you have to use the ordinal values someone on here can give you advice on how to get around that problem.
EDIT: I see that you answered this to some degree in another comment. Can you provide more specifics? The import proc and/or table definitions?
An option you have is using conditions:
In your example:
SELECT CASE YourColumnNumber WHEN "1" THEN Col1 WHEN "2" THEN Col2 ELSE "?" END AS Result FROM Test
Going to schema will slow query I am afraid…
If you are using MS SQL 2005 you can use the ROW_NUMBER function.
SELECT Col1, Col2, ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY Col1)
WHERE ROW_NUMBER() Over(Order BY Col1) Between @Position AND @Position
That should get you the desired results if I am reading the question correctly.